Prussian Bosniak Lancer 1760
In 1740, the War of the Austrian Succession began. Prussian King Frederick wanted to annex the rich province of Silesia, but Austria opposed this, which was deemed sufficient cause for war. In the early part of the war, known as the First Silesian War, Saxony was on the side of Prussia, but decided to switch allegiance. In preparation for a possible continuation of the war, military emissaries were sent to the Ukraine in 1744 to recruit men for the Saxon cavalry. The response of the Cossacks was disappointing, but Saxony managed to lure from the Turkish army about 100 Bosniaks - light horsemen armed with lances, who were guarding the Turkish border in the Ukraine. The Bosniaks left for Dresden.
On their arrival, Prussian emissaries in Saxony offered the Bosniaks more, so they marched off again, from Saxony to Prussia. In 1745, Frederick founded a regular Bosniaken Korps, one troop in strength, which became part of the 5th Hussars, also known as the Black Hussars (Totenkopf), their symbol being a death’s head.
Hostilities continued as the Second Silesian War, and ended in 1748, but the Bosniaks remained in service. In the same area, and for similar reasons, another war soon started. In 1756, Prussia occupied Saxony, triggering the Seven Years War. The magnitude of operations and insufficient Prussian human resources forced Frederick to recruit soldiers outside his borders. Light horsemen from the east - Poles, Lithuanians, Tartars and Muslims - were incorporated into the Bosniak units, which, by 1760, had grown to 10 squadrons. That same year, the Bosniaks became a regular light cavalry regiment, number 9 on the army list.
After the end of the war in 1763 the regiment was disbanded, only one squadron being kept for ceremonial purposes. In 1778, another war broke out between Prussia and Austria, this time over Bavaria. The Bosniaken Korps was again filled out to 10 squadrons, mainly with recruits from the Ukraine and Poland. In this war, which had no major battles, the Bosniaks suffered heavy losses in surprise attacks by the Austrian hussars.
Towards the end of the eighteenth century, Poland disappeared from the map of Europe: one part was annexed by Russia, another by Austria and a third by Prussia. Prussia recruited 15 squadrons of light horsemen from its part of Poland; but these troops were Bosniaks in name only. As Poles made up the majority, the units were renamed the Korps Towarczys in 1799. After the Prussian defeat by Napoleon in 1806, the Towarczys were disbanded.
http://warandgame.blogspot.com/2007/10/ ... -1760.html
The Danish Bosniak Squadron 1791 – 1808
The Prussian King Frederic the Great invented the Bosniak Cavalry. During the Prussian 7-years
war 1756 – 1763 the Prussian Cavalry had problems dealing with the Russian Cossacks. The King
then created cavalry units armed with lances and manned by Bosniak mercenaries, who could match
The French Revolution in 1789 created a number of conflicts between the European states. In 1791
it looked like Denmark could be drawn into these conflicts, because England planned an attack on
Russia, one of Denmark’s allies. This was the direct reason for creating the Bosniak Squadron. It
was decided that each of the Hussar Regiment’s 6 squadrons should transfer 20 soldiers to the Bosniak
Squadron, in total 120 soldiers. At the time Denmark didn’t get involved in any conflicts after
The Bosniak Squadron was quite different from the other Danish cavalry
units. Almost all personnel were Danish, but they were dressed in oriental
looking outfits in light blue (Hussar colour) and a red coat (”Chupa”) for
wintertime. In stead of the belt they got a red striped sash and as headgear
they had a red fez with a half moon and light blue feather covered by a white
turban. That was how Denmark thought warriors like this should look like.
Like their Prussian counterparts they were armed with lances.
The crown prince Frederik, who reigned on behalf of his insane father,
Christian the 6th, was very interested in the Bosniak Squadron. In 1793 he
added another 24 soldiers to the squadron, again from the existing cavalry
The squadron had garrison in Koege, a Danish town 30 kilometres south of Copenhagen and had a
quiet life. In 1801, when the British Admirals Parker and Nelson attacked Copenhagen, the squadron
had coastal patrol duties and maybe some of the patrols could see the battle. When the British
returned in 1807 the squadron was in Holstein in Northern Germany and didn’t get a chance to fight
the British troops.
Shortly after these events the European fashion changed from Bosniak to Polish inspired Uhlans. In
1808 King Frederik the 6th changed the 6th Bosniak Squadron to an Uhlan Squadron with a less exotic
E.Spencer:Putovanje po Evropskoj Turskoj 1850
Napoleonovo doba U Napoleonovo doba,1806-1813. Bosanac koji se u cijeloj Turskoj smatra
Francuzi su drzali Dalmaciju,koja granici sa Bosnom.Ima mnogo izvjestaja
o bosanskim prilikama,a diplomata
Chaumette Des Fosses je napisao knjigu o Bosni.
covjekom dobrog karaktera,
u svojoj je zemlji okrutan,bilo
usljed opore klime,bilo,prije,zbog nepovjerenja koje kod njega izaziva
opasan polozaj izmedju tri velika carstva
u kome se nalazi.
Chaumette Des Fosses 1807. i 1808.godine
U Napoleonovo doba,1806-1813.
Bosanac koji se u cijeloj Turskoj smatra
Poput svih gorstaka,Bosanci
su veoma prvrzeni svojoj zemlji i
nasiroko i s velikim zadovoljstvom
pricaju o odlicnom kvalitetu i obilju
proizvoda - zita, meda, ovaca i stoke,
za koje tvrde da im nema premca.
A nisu ni neosjetljivi na ljepotu
raskosnih dolina, gustih suma
i visokih planina.
Uopste uzevsi, seljak u Bosni
je inteligentniji od seljaka u Zapadnoj
i Srednoj Evropi.
Ovo proizilazi iz prirode njegovih
drustvenih institucija, koje ga obavezuju
da razmatra i sam odlucuje o stvarima
i da ucestvuje u raspravi o pitanjima
zajednice ciji je clan.
S druge strane, u vecini zemalja Evrope
vlada sama odlucuje i djela,
pustajuci da um naroda tone u